Two decades since Runnymede was first credited with coining the term 'Islamophobia' in our flagship 1997 report, we look at how the phenomenon has evolved over the past 20 years, and how it manifests itself today.


Download: Islamophobia: Still a challenge for us all

This anniversary report (released November 2017) brings together varied perspectives from leading thinkers on inequality and Muslims in Britain, unpacking issues such as integration, hate crime, gender, identity and, of course, racism.

The views expressed in each essay are those of the named authors and do not necessarily represent Runnymede's organisational position.

WATCH> Click here to see video testimonies on how islamophobia affects ordinary Muslims

For Runnymede's own deeper analysis and re-definition of Islamophobia as 'anti-Muslim racism', see Part 1 of the report, separately downloadable from the link below.

Islamophobia: Executive Summary
Read this 3-page summary explanation of the constituent parts of the report, which sets out Runnymede's organisational position and aims in commissioning the anniversary report.

Islamophobia Part 1: Understanding

In this introductory section Runnymede's Farah Elahi and Dr Omar Khan examine what is understood by the term 'Islamophobia' and Dr Claire Alexander of the University of Manchester looks at 'Raceing Islamophobia', expanding on the definition of it as a form of racism.

Islamophobia Part 2: Mapping
In this section various authors map the evidence of modern-day Islamophobia and look at how it manifests itself across key areas, including education, employment, housing, health, hate crime, integration, gender, globalisation and the government's counter-terrorism programme 'Prevent'. 

Islamophobia Part 3: Different Conceptions 
Here, reflections on how Islamophobia is understood in relation to concepts such as identity, language, bigotry and Anti-Semitism are explored. Also, Dr Robin Richardson, the editor of the 1997 Islamophobia report, takes a look back at what it contained and the parts that still resonate today.

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